Power and Democracy https://ojs.aduei.com/index.php/pad <p><strong>Power and Democracy – Rivista internazionale di Politica, Filosofia e Diritto</strong> è una pubblicazione scientifica <em>on-line</em>, a carattere semestrale, <em>peer-reviewed</em> e <em>open access</em>. </p> it-IT redazione@poweranddemocracy.it (Dott. Daniele Di Paolo - Segreteria di Redazione) a2i.holding@gmail.com (A2i Srl) Tue, 19 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Il “buongoverno”, i buoni governi e il “Leviatano incatenato”. https://ojs.aduei.com/index.php/pad/article/view/pad22021 <p>This paper seeks to relate a fundamental notion of political theory, “good government”, to a hypothetical form of <em>governance</em>: the outcome of a competing process of an indefinite number of <em>good governments</em>. This is the “Chained Leviathan” which draws on the tradition of the pre-humanist Italian municipal movement. Divided into four parts, each examines a particular aspect of the possible political reading of Lorenzetti’s well-known cycle: “Municipal life in Siena”, with its institutional framework; “The allegory of good government”, reread in the light of a pre-humanist republican interpretation that sees self-government as the common good itself; “The effects of good government”, showing how “Security”, guided by “Justice”, triggered by the cardinal virtues and protected by the theological virtues, is the basis of freedom and civil prosperity; “The ‘Red Queen’ and the effects of bad government”, underlining how “Tyranny”, triggered by vices and “vainglory”, is the main enemy of the human species and leads to war and generalised misery.</p> Flavio Felice Copyright (c) 2022 Power and Democracy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://ojs.aduei.com/index.php/pad/article/view/pad22021 Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Il bene comune nella concezione liberale https://ojs.aduei.com/index.php/pad/article/view/36 <p>The author wonders whether, when faced with the “wounds” of society – injustice, exploitation, violence, cruelty and wars – there is only one face to put in the dock: the liberal conception of society. Or whether the “wounds” of an unjust, cruel and corrupt society spring from a systematic trampling of liberal principles, from a tenacious refusal of the liberal conception of the State. In this regard, the author considers some schools of thought that are profoundly linked: ordoliberalism and the social market economy, through the works of Wilhelm Röpke, Luigi Einaudi and Walter Eucken, and the Austrian school of economics, reporting on the thought of Ludwig von Mises and Friedrich August von Hayek.</p> Dario Antiseri Copyright (c) 2022 Power and Democracy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://ojs.aduei.com/index.php/pad/article/view/36 Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The “narrow corridor” approach https://ojs.aduei.com/index.php/pad/article/view/32 <p>In viewing nation-building as a top-down, “state-first” process, the Author argues that US policymakers were following a <a href="https://www.amazon.com/Political-Changing-Societies-Stimson-Lectures/dp/0300116209/r">venerable tradition</a> in political science - if you can establish overwhelming military dominance over a territory and subdue all other sources of power, you can then impose your will. According to the Author, in most places, this theory is only half right, at best; and in Afghanistan, it was dead wrong. As the Author argued, together with James Robinson in their 2019 book, <a href="https://www.penguinrandomhouse.com/books/555400/the-narrow-corridor-by-daron-acemoglu-and-james-a-robinson/"><em>The Narrow Corridor</em></a>, this approach makes no sense when your starting point is a deeply heterogeneous society organized around local customs and norms, where state institutions have long been absent or impaired. The point stressed by the Author is that the successful centralization of power under state institutions more commonly involves the assent and cooperation of the people subject to it. In this model, the state is not imposed on a society against its wishes; rather, state institutions build legitimacy by securing a modicum of popular support.</p> Daron Acemoglu Copyright (c) 2022 Power and Democracy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://ojs.aduei.com/index.php/pad/article/view/32 Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Zhang Weiying https://ojs.aduei.com/index.php/pad/article/view/33 <p>When it comes to explaining the causal nexus behind the Chinese economic development of the last forty years, mistakes and misconceptions are significantly common. The professor and economist Zhang Weiying explains how the terms “because of” and “in spite of” are frequently confused, and the economic success of the Country is wrongly attributed to the CCP’s strong leadership and the powerful state sector. In his view, <em>in spite of that</em> China made good economic progress, <em>because of</em> an expansion of the free market and the entrepreneurial class. This essay analyzes Zhang Weiying’s perspective on the economic dynamics of the reform and brings attention to his unique theories on the challenges, prospects, and hopes for the future development of China.&nbsp;</p> Elena Crociani Copyright (c) 2022 Power and Democracy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://ojs.aduei.com/index.php/pad/article/view/33 Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Società libera, governo limitato, senso del limite: Russell Kirk e una prospettiva conservatrice e liberale https://ojs.aduei.com/index.php/pad/article/view/34 <p>Russell Kirk (1919-1994) has been one of the most important American conservative thinkers of the Twentieth century. However, in Italy his thought is anything but studied. After a brief introduction into the problem of order in political terms, in the first part this essay aims at exploring his political thought with particular attention to his idea of order and in continuity with Burke’s and Tocqueville’s perspectives. After that, some of the major cultural influences on his thought will be considered. Thirdly, the essay will focus on a comparison between his and Hayek’s vision of order, underlying differences but also similarities. The conclusion will try to outline a conservative vision of order characterised, at the same time, by the respect of traditions, the sense of limits and the ordered liberty.</p> Carlo Marsonet Copyright (c) 2022 Power and Democracy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://ojs.aduei.com/index.php/pad/article/view/34 Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 La crisi dello stato tra economia, tecnologia e soggetti economici “sovrani” https://ojs.aduei.com/index.php/pad/article/view/35 <p>In the current economic context, every day - to most people, unpredictably - market operators move huge capital by directing their investments in favor of some regional and national economies - investing in markets or public debt securities - often, to the detriment of other countries, in some cases, marking the destiny of governments or even the stability, not only economic but social, of entire nations. Moreover, in recent years, the dominant force of technology has been added to this financial domination, a limit to national sovereignty. In this scenario, the essay wants to highlight the increasingly emerging role of the so-called private sovereign subjects, to whom only the processes of supranational integration can represent an attempt to react to the protection of state sovereignty, democratically legitimized.</p> Edoardo C. Raffiotta Copyright (c) 2022 Power and Democracy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://ojs.aduei.com/index.php/pad/article/view/35 Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000