Power and Democracy https://ojs.aduei.com/index.php/pad <p><strong>Power and Democracy – Rivista internazionale di Politica, Filosofia e Diritto</strong> è una pubblicazione scientifica <em>on-line</em>, a carattere semestrale, <em>peer-reviewed</em> e <em>open access</em>. </p> Tocqueville-Acton Centro Studi e Ricerche it-IT Power and Democracy Apocalisse democratica https://ojs.aduei.com/index.php/pad/article/view/18 <p>This article focuses on the challenges that Covid-19 poses to Western democracies, with the aim of updating the imaginary of democratic collapse, in the light of the pandemic. The article examines the “democratic recession” and the (hypothetical) “democratic deconsolidation” and it attempts to establish whether these processes can be accelerated by the crisis. The concluding remarks instead focus on the idea of a “total demobilization”: this image is used to identify the (technological, political and cultural) processes that could deeply affect the fabric of our democracies.</p> Damiano Palano Copyright (c) 2021 Power and Democracy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-03-31 2021-03-31 2 2 4 28 Why a Pandemic Needs Social Science https://ojs.aduei.com/index.php/pad/article/view/19 <p>This essay explores what insights about dealing with a pandemic can be learned from political economy. We argue that epidemiology and political economy share many theoretical and policy challenges. Experts in both fields face similar dilemmas in positioning themselves vis-à-vis the state and society, while epidemiologic and market processes are only partially controllable. A key similarity is that both disciplines have to deal with incomplete and dispersed knowledge and with decision-making in the face of radical uncertainty. In this perspective, the cultivation of learning processes for all players in society to live with risks and to constantly readjust trade-offs constitutes the key channel out of the Corona pandemic. This also implies that heterogenous groups learn and adjust differently, and that experts should seek to be part of this learning process. We also address the challenges of states of exception, especially their tendency to absolutizes one type of risk in society above all others.</p> Stefan Kolev Erwin Dekker Copyright (c) 2020 Power and Democracy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-03-31 2021-03-31 2 2 29 44 Il disastro come mezzo https://ojs.aduei.com/index.php/pad/article/view/20 <p>While the COVID-19 pandemic draws attention to the vulnerability of the neoliberal economic and political complex, the general dynamic of numerous crises in the last forty years reminds us that neoliberalism managed every time not only to avoid serious backlashes, but also to take advantage of emergency situations to strengthen itself, in particular with the implementation of de-democratizing policies. In this paper the impact of the pandemic on neoliberal rationality is assessed, on the one hand showing the novelty of the present situation in the history of neoliberal capitalism, while on the other hand pointing out the similarities with past crises and, through them, warning about the antidemocratical dynamics that COVID-19 could trigger.</p> Alessandro Volpi Copyright (c) 2020 Power and Democracy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-03-31 2021-03-31 2 2 45 56 Poteri prescrittivi dell’ARERA e sindacato di full jurisdiction https://ojs.aduei.com/index.php/pad/article/view/16 <p>The paper focuses on the recent jurisprudence on the violation of the obligations of diligence, prudence, expertise and social security in the context of the planning activity required of electricity market operators for the purpose of exercising the dispatching service by Terna S.p.A. Through the critical analysis of the judgments, respectively, by the first instance judge and by the appeal judge in the context of the multiple disputes introduced by the recipients of the prescriptive measures adopted by ARERA, this work intends to reflect on the centrality of implications of his different approaches in terms of the effectiveness of subjective legal situations. The interest in this topic derives from the observation of the fact that the extent and intensity of the judicial review, also in the light of the investigative powers attributed to the administrative judge, represents an important test bed for testing - with reference to the specificities of the regulatory function and to the peculiar constitutional position of the independent Authorities - the structure of the relationship between reason and power and, therefore, its correspondence to the internal and supranational constitutional provisions.</p> Fabio Giuseppe Angelini Copyright (c) 2020 Power and Democracy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-03-31 2021-03-31 2 2 105 122 At the birth of social science https://ojs.aduei.com/index.php/pad/article/view/21 <p>The aim of this analysis is to ascertain the parameters of social sciences, and to what extent they may rightly be called scientific.</p> Jude P. Dougherty Copyright (c) 2021 Power and Democracy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-03-31 2021-03-31 2 2 57 65 Beyond bad reputation https://ojs.aduei.com/index.php/pad/article/view/22 <p>The bad reputation that has long surrounded human duties has overshadowed the crucial functions they perform for the governance of democracies. This article, after analysing the historical and ideological roots of the marginalization of duties, aims to highlight their significant role in the Age of Rights. In particular, the paper shows how a duty-based approach enriches our legal culture and political institutions, promoting solidarity and strengthening the protection of fundamental freedoms.</p> Angelo Pio Buffo Copyright (c) 2021 Power and Democracy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-03-31 2021-03-31 2 2 66 80 Federalismo ed analisi micro-macro delle istituzioni: il contributo di Bruno Leoni allo studio microfondato del federalismo liberale https://ojs.aduei.com/index.php/pad/article/view/23 <p>The theory of federalism has strong roots in the liberal approach to the study of institutions. In particular, the Austrian school of economics and the Public Choice approach have a particular and interesting point of view regarding the methodological individualism and evolutive approach to the exam of micro and macro dimensions of social interactions. Through the analysis of liberal and libertarian thesis of Bruno Leoni’s theoretical structure, the aim of this paper is to propose an individualistic interpretation of the federal model.</p> Mario De Benedetti Copyright (c) 2021 Power and Democracy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2021-03-31 2021-03-31 2 2 81 104